Pedigree of:
James Pettigrew 2nd
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PETIGRU
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= James
PETIGRU
1613-___?

James
PETTIGREW 2nd
c1659-c1753


Notes and Links

James Pettigrew*, sometimes known as "James 2nd", one of two sons of James Pettigru*, who emigrated from France to Scotland in 1648.

Brief Biography:

James Pettigrew 2nd* and his brother, John Pettigrew, were two descendants of James Petigru*, a Huguenot native of France who emigrated from France to Scotland in about 1648. James served as an officer in the army of Oliver Cromwell, and we have no knowledge of John. James Pettigrew II, and his brother, John, who were residents of Glasgow, Scotland, may have been sons or grandsons of James Petigru of France.

James Pettigrew 2nd* married a Scottish Lady, Martha Moore*, and may have settled in Ireland as early as about about 1660, but there is no evidence that James II was in Ireland prior to 1690. He was an officer (some say that he was a Colonel) in the army of King William III, when the rebel forces under King James were defeated at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. James Pettigrew 2nd* received a grant of 300 acres near Aughnacloy, County Tyrone, for his services. The "Crilly House" was built on this estate.

The name Petigru most probably stems from "petit grue" in French, meaning "little crane" (crane refers to the long-necked, long-legged bird, in the family gruidae, known as a crane), and James apparently anglicized his name to "Pettigrew" to downplay his French origins among his wife's family. Various descendants in both Ireland an in America have used the supposed original French spelling, "Petigru". However, the author of these web pages has not found the names Pettigrew, Petigru, Peticru, or Peticrue in 17th century France, there is some speculation that its origins are elsewhere, or from some other name. The name "peticru" is found in 14th century London, and various other close phononyms of the name are found in Scotland and England, at locations ranging from Edinburgh to Cornwall. It is not known to what extent, if any, that these various names are in lines related to that of James Pettigrew II.

Speculations on this Pettigrew Line

The presentation here is based on the letter by William Pettigrew, the youngest son of James and Mary (Cochran) Pettigrew, written in 1825. William referred to his Great-grandfather as having emigrated from France "for the sake of his religion" and served as an Officer in Cromwell's Army. He came with 2 sons, John and James. This letter by William Pettigrew (1758-1837), hereinafter "The Letter" is reproduced on a link in the references below. It may be important to observe the following:

Since the Letter is the earliest known document (1825) to provide any information regarding the emmigrant from France, any speculation as the name of the emmigrant, his religion, and his wife's name, and various dates should be verified by source records that were not available or known to the author of The Letter. The Letter does not state that the wife of James Petigru was Dame Geiles Moncreif. This comes from the Birdsong family genealogy, referenced below. Another reference, the Leaves from the Family Tree by Penelope Allen, hereinafter "Leaves", shows that Martha Moore was married not to James Pettigrew II, but to a William Pettigrew, who is listed by Leaves as the father of James Pettigrew III. However, the Birdsong genealogy, and Leaves do not provide original sources for their information, which is contrary to The Letter. The letters from Margaret Pettigrew who lived in Ireland until she died in 1842, hereinafter "Margaret's Letters", are also reliable sources, all of which do not show any William Pettigrew in the direct line of ancestors preceding James Pettigrew II.

The author of these web pages speculates that there is a possibility that there was another generation between the emmigrant, James Petigru and the two brothers, James II and John. The use of the the suffix "II" as opposed to "Jr." suggest such a missing generation, and the time between the date of emigration (1648) and the Battle of the Boyne (1690) would allow, but not require, such an additional generation.

For a long time it was believed, and it is recorded in DAR records, that James, brother of the above John, was married to Dame Geiles (or Giles) Moncrieff [and married in 1658 in Edinburgh, Scotland.] However, due to research done by Dave and Andy Pettigrew of Indiana (who found a book on the Moncrieffs) there are serious doubts about our being related to this James and Giles. She was married the first time in 1619 and then married a second time in 1648, and then third to James Pettigrew in 1658. This may be an example of people thinking that there was only one James Pettigrew in the world at a time, and insisting that every James Pettigrew ever mentioned must be our ancestor, and desperately looking for any hint of a title, no matter how weak.[Nell Hurley]

Information regarding the Moncreiff familiy of Edinburgh

Giles (or Geiles, or Geillis) Moncreiff, daughter of George Moncrieff, of Readie, had three husbands:

However, if Giles was first married in 1619, she would most probably have been at least 16 years old then, and would have been at least 55 years old when she married James Pettigrew of Souterhouse. Thus, it would seem almost impossible for Giles and this James to have had children between them, UNLESS: her marriage to James Pettigrew was in 1648 rather than 1658 (shortly after her 2nd husband's death, and at a time just as James was coming from France)

Another problematic detail is that Giles would have been unlikely to name two of her children "James", especially if her son James by her 2nd husband, James Oliphant, had tried to kill her.

There remains a possibility that James Pettigrew of Souterhouse was previosly married to another woman who could have been the mother of James II, and John, but there is no evidence to support such an idea. It is not known how the record in the Moncrieff family book could have indicated that Giles and James Pettigrew "had issue".


References;


Go to the Index of ancestral surnames
Go to the Index of Names: which includes names of in-laws, half-relations, aliases, and adopters.
Go to the How to use this genealogy page.
Contact the author: e-mail link: Phillips Verner Bradford
Note: Ancestors of Phillips Verner Bradford are denoted in the text lists with an asterisk (*) following the names.