James Pettigrew 2nd
Notes and Links
James Pettigrew*, sometimes known as "James 2nd", one of two sons of James Pettigru*, who emigrated from France to Scotland in 1648.
- m. Martha Moore*, a woman, possibly titled as a "Lady", of Scotland.
- James and Martha had children:
- William Pettigrew (b. bef 1713, possibly 1706; d.1781-1790), who inherited the "Crilly House" in Tyrone County.
- m. Margaret Kerr (or Ker) of County Monaghan, daughter of Andrew Kerr (or Ker), and had 7 children, 3 of whom were sons:
- Sir James Pettigrew, sometimes known as James II", fought in the Battle of Brandywine, knighted by George III, died after 1778 in Jamaica, and buried there. The Crilly estate was thus inherited by his brother, Robert. According to a letter by Margaret Pettigrew of Crilly house: "James at an early age entered the Army, served in the 10th Regiment, earned some laurels, received knighthood from George the 3d, and died in Jamaica, where a tomb was erected over his remains by his brother officers." According to the sketch of Pettigrew family as given by William Pettigrew, James Pettigrew III's youngest son: "His oldest son James held a Captain's commission, was with Howe at the Battle of Brandywine, and was badly wounded." British Vice Admiral Richard Howe sailed up Chesapeake Bay. The opposing armies clashed on Sept. 11, 1777, at Brandywine Creek in southeastern Pennsylvania. One wing of the British army swung around the Americans and attacked them from behind. The surprised patriots had to retreat. Howe skillfully moved his troops after the Battle of Brandywine and occupied Philadelphia on September 26.
- Robert Pettigrew, b. 1741; d. Dec 8, 1816. Robert's daughter, Margaret corresponded with the American Pettigrews. According to the: Annals Of Aughnacloy, Page 51, In the Dec 1805 minutes of the Orange Order: "Given (£11/4 1/2) to the relief to John Henderson of Crely [Crilly] to fetch him out of Dungannon Geail [jail], being put in by Robert Pettigrew." "Robert then took possession of the family inheritance, resided at Crilly, married his relative Jane Lynne, about the year 1796, and they had many children, some only survived them - viz: William, George, Mary, Anne, and myself [Margaret]". According to: Lifes, Letters and Speeches of James Louis Petigru by Carson, page 3: Robert Pettigrew, son of William and ultimately heir to Crilly House, died at "upwards of 80 years" in 1816. His gravestone reads: "Here lieth the Body of Robert Pettigrew Esq' of Crilly in the County of Tyrone who departed this life the 8th day of December 1816 aged 75 years."
- m. Jane Lynn, a relative.
- Robert and Jane had 5 children:
- William Pettigrew; b. 1829
- George Pettigrew;b. 1834
- Mary Pettigrew ; b. before 1835, but died as a child.
- Anne Pettigrew; b. before 1835, but died as a child.
- Margaret Pettigrew; b. 1842 and corresponded with her American relatives.
- William Pettigrew, who came to America and died unmarried.
- Lettice (or Lether) Pettigrew.
- Martha Pettigrew
- m. James Pettigrew, her cousin (see below), and had no children.
- Alice (or Alles) Pettigrew, said to be "of Dunmackenay", in County Tyrone, She died after 1828.
- Sarah (Larch) Pettigrew
- m. James Wilson, and had two children, James Wilson and Alexander Wilson.
- Robert Pettigrew; d. in Auchnacloy after 1758; Surgeon with the British Navy.
- John Pettigrew; d. after 1780, lived at Crilly.
- m. ___? and had 3 children:
- James Pettigrew; d. after 1780.
- m. Martha Pettigrew, his cousin (see above), and had no children.
- Samuel Pettigrew.
- Robert Pettigrew, who is said to have "turned wild" and entered the Royal Navy, and died abroad "I know not where", [according to Margaret]. probably never married and had no children.
- James Pettigrew* (1713-1784), known as James Pettigrew, III.
- m. Mary Cochran* in Ireland
- Charles Pettigrew; who lived at Carrenagat, and died "I believe unmarried", according to Margaret.
- Samuel Pettigrew, Captain in the British Navy, died in Gibraltar c1780. According to William's letter: "Samuel entered the Army, and fell, while yet young, in battle ... Samuel got a Captain's commission, was at Gibraltar and died there."
- m. ___? Leadlie of Autrim, who was said to be "quite beautiful", and had one son, James Pettigrew, who was a young child when Samuel died.
- a daughter.
- a daughter.
- a son or daughter, who may have died young, or was possibly a daughter, Eliizabeth Pettigrew, who married ___? Meares.
James Pettigrew 2nd* and his brother, John Pettigrew, were two descendants of James Petigru*, a Huguenot native of France who emigrated from France to Scotland in about 1648. James served as an officer in the army of Oliver Cromwell, and we have no knowledge of John. James Pettigrew II, and his brother, John, who were residents of Glasgow, Scotland, may have been sons or grandsons of James Petigru of France.
James Pettigrew 2nd* married a Scottish Lady, Martha Moore*, and may have settled in Ireland as early as about about 1660, but there is no evidence that James II was in Ireland prior to 1690. He was an officer (some say that he was a Colonel) in the army of King William III, when the rebel forces under King James were defeated at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. James Pettigrew 2nd* received a grant of 300 acres near Aughnacloy, County Tyrone, for his services. The "Crilly House" was built on this estate.
The name Petigru most probably stems from "petit grue" in French, meaning "little crane" (crane refers to the long-necked, long-legged bird, in the family gruidae, known as a crane), and James apparently anglicized his name to "Pettigrew" to downplay his French origins among his wife's family. Various descendants in both Ireland an in America have used the supposed original French spelling, "Petigru". However, the author of these web pages has not found the names Pettigrew, Petigru, Peticru, or Peticrue in 17th century France, there is some speculation that its origins are elsewhere, or from some other name. The name "peticru" is found in 14th century London, and various other close phononyms of the name are found in Scotland and England, at locations ranging from Edinburgh to Cornwall. It is not known to what extent, if any, that these various names are in lines related to that of James Pettigrew II.
Speculations on this Pettigrew Line
The presentation here is based on the letter by William Pettigrew, the youngest son of James and Mary (Cochran) Pettigrew, written in 1825. William referred to his Great-grandfather as having emigrated from France "for the sake of his religion" and served as an Officer in Cromwell's Army. He came with 2 sons, John and James. This letter by William Pettigrew (1758-1837), hereinafter "The Letter" is reproduced on a link in the references below. It may be important to observe the following:
- The Letter does not provide a name for the emmigrant from France. The name of the emmigrant, "James Petigru", is found in other sources, and may have been invented by subsequent descendants.
- The Letter does not specify what religion that the emmigrant practiced. It has been stated elsewhere that he was a Huguenot. However, no record has been found that he belonged to any Huguenot Church.
- The Letter does not say the name of the emmigrant's wife. Other sources, that may be confused by another person named James Pettigrew, give her name as "Dame Geiles Moncreiff".
- The Letter does not give the dates of the emmigrant's emigration or when he joined Cromwell's Army. The Letter does say that it was in the time of Louis XIV of France, which was a long reign, from May 14, 1643 until Sep 1, 1715, and The Letter states that he was an Officer in Cromwell's Army. Cromwell's invasion of Ireland started in 1649. Cromwell died in 1658. Cromwell invaded Scotland in 1653 and it is possible that James Petigru was an Officer under Cromwell during one or both of those invasions.
Since the Letter is the earliest known document (1825) to provide any information regarding the emmigrant from France, any speculation as the name of the emmigrant, his religion, and his wife's name, and various dates should be verified by source records that were not available or known to the author of The Letter. The Letter does not state that the wife of James Petigru was Dame Geiles Moncreif. This comes from the Birdsong family genealogy, referenced below. Another reference, the Leaves from the Family Tree by Penelope Allen, hereinafter "Leaves", shows that Martha Moore was married not to James Pettigrew II, but to a William Pettigrew, who is listed by Leaves as the father of James Pettigrew III. However, the Birdsong genealogy, and Leaves do not provide original sources for their information, which is contrary to The Letter. The letters from Margaret Pettigrew who lived in Ireland until she died in 1842, hereinafter "Margaret's Letters", are also reliable sources, all of which do not show any William Pettigrew in the direct line of ancestors preceding James Pettigrew II.
The author of these web pages speculates that there is a possibility that there was another generation between the emmigrant, James Petigru and the two brothers, James II and John. The use of the the suffix "II" as opposed to "Jr." suggest such a missing generation, and the time between the date of emigration (1648) and the Battle of the Boyne (1690) would allow, but not require, such an additional generation.
For a long time it was believed, and it is recorded in DAR records, that James, brother of the above John, was married to Dame Geiles (or Giles) Moncrieff [and married in 1658 in Edinburgh, Scotland.] However, due to research done by Dave and Andy Pettigrew of Indiana (who found a book on the Moncrieffs) there are serious doubts about our being related to this James and Giles. She was married the first time in 1619 and then married a second time in 1648, and then third to James Pettigrew in 1658. This may be an example of people thinking that there was only one James Pettigrew in the world at a time, and insisting that every James Pettigrew ever mentioned must be our ancestor, and desperately looking for any hint of a title, no matter how weak.[Nell Hurley]
Information regarding the Moncreiff familiy of Edinburgh
Giles (or Geiles, or Geillis) Moncreiff, daughter of George Moncrieff, of Readie, had three husbands:
- m1. James Bennet, Minister; d. c1640; of Auchtermuchty.
- m2. Sir James Oliphant of Muirhouse and Newton, and Baronet of Nova Scotia; d. in 1648; married Giles as his second wife. By this marriage, she became "Dame" Giles. Sir James had a son, James, by his first marriage who stabbed (but apparently didn't kill) his step-mother, Giles. Sir James Oliphant of Muirhouse and Newton, who was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia on 28 July, 1629, and a Lord of Session on 3 November, 1629, and in which capacity he continued until 1632. He married firstly by 3 December, 1605, to Marjory, eldest daughter of Patrick Graham, 3rd of Inchbraikie, when they had a grant of the lands of Kildonning from his father, and had issue; and secondly to Giles, daughter of George Moncrieff, of Readie, (she was widow of James Bennet, Minister of Auchtermuchty.
- m3. James Pettigrew of Souterhouse. Married at Edinburgh on 24 June, 1658 and "by whom she had issue." While there is no evidence that this James Pettigrew of Souterhouse is the same person as our James Petigru, it does remain a possibility since Souterhouse (now known as Coatbridge) is near Glasgow.
However, if Giles was first married in 1619, she would most probably have been at least 16 years old then, and would have been at least 55 years old when she married James Pettigrew of Souterhouse. Thus, it would seem almost impossible for Giles and this James to have had children between them, UNLESS: her marriage to James Pettigrew was in 1648 rather than 1658 (shortly after her 2nd husband's death, and at a time just as James was coming from France)
Another problematic detail is that Giles would have been unlikely to name two of her children "James", especially if her son James by her 2nd husband, James Oliphant, had tried to kill her.
There remains a possibility that James Pettigrew of Souterhouse was previosly married to another woman who could have been the mother of James II, and John, but there is no evidence to support such an idea. It is not known how the record in the Moncrieff family book could have indicated that Giles and James Pettigrew "had issue".
- Personal communication with Nell Hurley, who has copies of letters from Margaret Pettigrew.
- Letter by William Pettigrew (1758-1837)
- Pettigrew Genealogy from the Birdsong family.
- Leaves from the Family Tree by Penelope Allen, State Chairman of Genealogical Records, Tennessee Society DAR.
- Comments on Mrs. Allen's Article (above) by Col. M. W. Pettigrew, Washington DC, based on observations by Mr. I. H. Patty of Florence AL .
- The Verner Genealogy by Clara Verner Wallace
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Note: Ancestors of Phillips Verner Bradford are denoted in the text lists with an asterisk (*) following the names.