Pedigree of:
David Richardson Dunlap
1777-1861


Agnes
BROWN
_?_-_?_
= Alexander
CRAIGHEAD

1705/6-1766
____?
____?
_?_-_?_
= Samuel
DUNLAP
1715-1791

Agnes "Nancy"
CRAIGHEAD

1740-1790
= George
DUNLAP
1736-1807

David Richardson
DUNLAP
1777-1861


Notes and Links

David Richardson Dunlap; b. Oct. 6, 1771, Charlotte NC; d. Dec. 8, 1861.

Brief Biography:

David Richardson Dunlap* (1777-1861), was the son of George Dunlap* (1736-1807) and Agnes "Nancy" Craighead* (1740-1790).

David, like his son, was born in Charlotte NC. David's father, George Dunlap (1736-1807) is said to have emigrated to Pennsylvania from Scotland, then migrated south into the carolinas, and in 1772 in Waxhaw SC married Agnes "Nancy" Craighead (1740-1790). George proposed to her after she had been acquitted of witchcraft in the Waxhaw SC . She was accused of murdering her first husband, the Rev. William Richardson, who was found strangled by a bridal in 1771, 12 years after marrying him in 1759. George and Nancy moved from Waxhaw SC to Charlotte NC. Their son, David Richardson Dunlap, apparently derives his middle name, "Richardson" from his mother's first husband's surname.

David is generally recognized with the title of "Dr." David Richardson Dunlap, representing his role as a physician. He studied medicine under the tutelege of another medical doctor, perhaps Dr. Charles Harris, a surgeon of Cabarrus County with whom he frequently consulted.

According to The History of Mecklenburg County, by J. B. Alexander, M.D., David was "cast out" of the Presbyterian Church because he had married his deceased wife's sister. This was contrary to Presbyterian rules at the time. Consequently, he joined the Methodist Church and became the pioneering leader of Methodism in Mecklenburg County.

Dr. David Richardson Dunlap was Clerk and Master of the Court of Equity for a great many years. He died of whooping cough on Dec 8, 1861, while living with his daughter and son-in-law, Col. T.H. Brem.

David's first wife was Elizabeth H. Jennings. The number of children they had together is not known. Her middle initial, "H." very likely stands for "Hamilton", possibly an ancestral surname which more definitely appears in her son's name, George Hamilton Dunlap. The Jennings family to which Elizabeth belongs is not firmly known, but previous attempts to locate her have focused on the possibility that her father was a Maj. John Jennings II, High Sheriff of Anson County SC, who married M. Lizzie Lamer sometime prior to 1788. A son, John Jennings III, was born in 1788, who was also a Sheriff of Anson County.

By a long-standing family tradition, George Dunlap* (1736-1807) is thought to be descended from William Dunlop* (c1650-1700), known as "William Dunlop the Covenanter" who founded the ill-fated colony of Port Royal in South Carolina. George Dunlap* (1736-1807) was quite possibly a son of Samuel Dunlap (1712-1744) and (Elizabeth, Janet, or Ann?) McFarland. Capt. Alexander Dunlap is a son of an elder Alexander Dunlop (c1672 - 1742) who was a Professor of Greek at Glasgow University. Prof. Alexander Dunlop was a son of William Dunlop (d. Mar. 1700) who was a brother-in-law to William Carstairs (or Carstares) (1649-1715), a Scottish Clergyman, graduate of Edinburgh University, known as a "Covenanter". William Dunlop is believed to have been a member of a group of 51 such "Scottish Convenanters" (Scottish clergymen outlawed in England), led by Henry Erskin (Lord Cardross) to establish a settlement at Stuart's Town near the Island of Port Royal SC in 1684. Carstairs had previously survived being put to "torture of boot and thumbscrew" in the Tower of London for his alledged involvement in the Rye House Plot (an alleged conspiracy of Whigs to assasinate King Charles II) in 1683. William Dunlop may have escaped such torture by joining Erskin's settlers. In 1685, Carstairs was released from incarceration and later, during 1693-1702 became an advisor on Scottish affairs to William of Orange [William III (1650-1702)]. Finally Carstairs was appointed to serve as the Principal of the College of Edinburgh in 1704-1715, upon the succession of Queen Anne. William Dunlop had served as Principal of Glasgow in 1690-1700.

William Dunlop was closely associated with William Carstairs. William Dunlop's father, Alexander Dunlop, was Minister at Paisley and married Elizabeth Mure, possibly after first marrying her sister, Jean Mure, who died soon after. William Carstairs' father, John Carstairs married Janet Mure, a sister to Elizabeth and Jean. These Mure sisters are probably several generations descended from the poet, Sir William Mure, through their father, William Mure of Glanderston. Thus, William Dunlop and William Carstairs were first cousins to each other. William Dunlop then married Sarah Carstairs, a sister of William Carstairs, daughter of John Carstairs, and a first cousin to him. Thus, William Dunlop and William Carstairs were brothers-in law to each other as well as first cousins. Family tradition avers that William Dunlop was a settler in 1684 at Port Royal SC and later returned to Europe. A source has been found to verify that he returned to Scotland, and it is known that Sarah did not come to Port Royal. Stuart's Town was destroyed by Spaniards and Indians in 1686, and, whatever was left after the Spanish invasion was destroyed by a devastating hurricane, also in 1686. William Dunlop returned to Scotland because of the destruction of Stuart's Town.

The origins of the Dunlop clan in Scotland are shown on the DUNLOP website. And, in particular, there are links to this site on the left side panel that shows the line of Royal succession, which lists the masters of the Dunlop House, and a specific link to the house itself. Scrolling down on the Royal Dunlop list to number 16, one finds an Alexander Dunlop (16th of that Ilk), who was Master of the Dunlop House from 1670 to 1683. The following is copied directly from the DUNLOP website:

-Alexander Dunlop, 16th of that Ilk, son of James, 1670-1683. Another champion of Presbyterianism.The accounts of the Dunlop family in Burke's Peerage and Baronetage (16th ed.) and in J. G. Dunlop's The Dunlops of Dunlop (1939), give some detail of the early Carolina colonist, Alexander Dunlop's life to 1685. Following his arrest in 1683 and indictment in the following year, Dunlop emigrated to South Carolina, where the Lords Proprietor appointed him sheriff of Port Royal County in 1685. In Carolina he became associated with two politically powerful men, Henry Erskine, 3rd Baron Cardross, and William Dunlop, a relative and local militia commander, both of whom had arrived in 1684. It appears that Alexander Dunlop returned to Scotland by early 1686, probably with the intention of returning to Port Royal, given that he had accepted money and goods from the wives of Cardross and William Dunlop to deliver in Carolina. Dunlop, however, sailed first to Antigua, shipping goods from there to Port Royal by way of his servant Thomas Steel, and then returned to Scotland. There is no firm evidence that Dunlop ever returned to Carolina, and both Cardross and William Dunlop returned to England after 1688 and the accession of William III. Alexander married Antonia Brown of Fordal, daughter of Major General Sir John Brown of Fordal and Mary (or Marion) Scott of Rossie.
Next we go to a website which shows the Waxhaw Church Cemetery in Lancaster County, South Carolina. As one scrolls down on this page, there is a photo and description of the grave of one Samuel Dunlap. A correspondent has said that his grave stone states that Samuel was a son of Alexander Dunlop who married Antonia Brown. This Samuel Dunlap is listed there as being born in Scotland in 1715 and is said to have emigrated to America (probably to Pennsylvania) in about 1730, when he would have been about 15 years old). The gravestone inscription states that Samuel died in 1791. According to the genealogy section of the DUNLOP web site, Samuel first married Mary Craighead and then according to several other sources Samuel secondly married Mary Margaret Beard, daughter of Thomas Beard. Mary Margaret Beard is said to have been born in 1730, and so their marriage must have taken place in about 1750 or later (when Samuel was about 35 years old or older). There are other second-hand sources that claim that Samuel was married a third time to Mary Witherspoon, Mary Crawford or ___? Cousart. The Caroliniana Library collection at the University of South Carolina has information that identifies Samuels's first wife as as Mary Craighead, Since his first wife was sometime referred to as "Mary C. Dunlap", some authors may have assumed that the "C" initial stood for Craighead, but it could have stood for Crawford or Cousart. The DUNLOP website also says that Samuel died in 1791, in agreement with the tombstone. Regarding his parents, Alexander Dunlop and Antonia Brown, a close inspection of the Scottish peerage records shows that Antonia (Brown) Dunlop was born in 1654, and would have been 61 years old when Samuel was born. Thus, the record on the Waxhaw tombstone most probably refers to another younger Alexander Dunlop and Antonia Brown. Samuel was more probably the son of Prof, Alexander Dunlop (1682-1742) and a younger Antonia Brown (b. 1694), who is of the same family as the older Antonia Brown (b. 1654) who married Alexander Dunlop, 16th of that Ilk (see below). The grave next to Samuel's in the Waxhaw cemetery is inscribed with only "Mary" Dunlap, wife of Samuel Dunlap. with no clue as to which Mary it was. However, it is most probably that this is the burial site of Samuuel's second, and last wife, Mary Margaret Beard Dunlap. The will of Mary Margaret Beard's father, Thomas Beard, written in 1769 mentions, and leaves money to his daughter. "Mary Dunlop". This is evidence that Mary Margaret was alive in 1769 and is probably the Mary that is buried next to Samuel.

Prof. Alexander Dunlop and Antonia Brown (-the younger, b. 1694), are often ascribed to having had two other sons, Alexander and John, the older of whom is known as Captain Alexander Dunlap (1712-1744), who most probably emigrated with his brother Samuel (b. 1715) to Pennsylvania in about 1730. Captain Alexander is shown as a son of Alexander Dunlop and Antonia Brown in references pertaining to the history of early settlers in the State of Ohio. It would appear that the two brothers, Capt. Alexander and Samuel, left Pennsylvania in sometime prior to 1740, before the outset of King George's War (known also as the 3rd of the French and Indian Wars which become hostile in 1744). Samuel went south to the Waxhaws and Capt. Alexander may have joined the Militia, rose to the rank of Captain, and was sent to western Virginia, and possibly across the Ohio River (into what is now Ohio) to meet his destiny as a casualty of King George's War in 1744.

It is not known whether the third brother, John Dunlop (b. c1730) emigrated with Alexander and Samuel or came separately, perhaps somewhat later with his sisters and possibly his parents

In the presentation below, it is this author's belief that Samuel and Capt. Alexander, among siblings, Robert, John, David, Alexander, Anna, Margaret, Francis, and Mary Elizabeth Dunlap, were sons of another (Prof.) Alexander Dunlop (1682-1747), and Elizabeth Stewart of Hartwood. This Prof. Alexander was a son of William Dunlop (b. c1654, d. March 8, 1700 in Glasgow) the Scottish Covenenter who was a part of the company that founded Stuart's Town, near Port Royal SC, and Sarah Carstairs. See below.

Now regarding George Dunlap* (1736-1807) of the Waxhaws, who married Nancy Craighead*, it is clear that he cannot be the son of Samuel Dunlap by his second wife, Mary Margaret Beard, of the Waxhaws, since Samuel married her after George was born. It is also highly unlikely that George could be a brother to Samuel and Capt. Alexander, since Samuel and Capt. Alexander Dunlap were born in Scotland, and had emigrated before George was born. There is no real evidence that Prof. Alexander Dunlop and Antonia Brown (-the younger, b. 1694) had emigrated to America, although it is possible that they came with their youngest son, John and their daughters sometime later than 1730, and then returned to Glasgow, Scotland where Prof. Alexander died in 1742.

Family tradition avers that George Dunlap* (1736-1807) was descended from William Dunlop. William was a first cousin of the Alexander Dunlop (16th of that Ilk) who married Antonia Brown (-the elder, b. 1654). Assuming that this is true, there are thus, two possibilities for the parentage of George Dunlop* (1736-1807). Most likely he was a son of Samuel Dunlap and his first wife, Mary Craighead (or possibly Mary Cousart).

The following listing, from the genealogy section of the DUNLOP web site shows the how the Dunlaps of the Waxhaws, and other American Dunlaps, descend from the Scottish Dunlop family:

Unresolved mysteries requiring additional research:

References:


Go to the Index of ancestral surnames
Go to the Index of Names: which includes names of in-laws, half-relations, aliases, and adopters.
Go to the How to use this genealogy page.
Contact the author: e-mail link: Phillips Verner Bradford